Peach State Endocrinology

Hashimoto's Disease Specialist

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

Endocrinologist and Hashimoto's Disease Specialist
located in Peachtree City, GA

Hashimoto's Disease

Hashimoto’s disease is the main cause of hypothyroidism, impacting millions of individuals in the United States.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, also referred to as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroiditis, is classified as an autoimmune disorder. In this condition, your body generates antibodies, specifically thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and/or thyroglobulin (Tg) antibodies, which lead to detrimental effects on your thyroid gland. These antibodies trigger inflammation within the thyroid gland. Consequently, this inflammation can result in enlargement of the thyroid gland, known as a goiter and
impaired production of an adequate amount of thyroid hormone, leading to hypothyroidism.

At Peach State Endocrinology in Peachtree City, GA, Dr. Evgenia Korytnaya (Dr. K), specializes in Hashimoto’s disease. Call Dr. K or schedule online to set up a consultation if you suspect a Hashimoto’s disease is disrupting your quality of life.

To learn more visit American Thyroid Association.

Hashimoto's Disease also known as Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

What is it:

Hashimoto’s disease, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. In Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system mistakenly recognizes the thyroid gland as a threat and produces antibodies that attack and damage the thyroid tissue.

This autoimmune attack on the thyroid gland gradually leads to inflammation and  destruction of thyroid cells. As a result, the thyroid gland becomes less efficient at producing thyroid hormones, which are essential for regulating various metabolic processes in the body. This reduction in thyroid hormone production can lead to a condition called hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the body’s needs.


  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint pain
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Sluggishness
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter)


What causes it?

The exact cause of Hashimoto’s disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. Here’s a more detailed explanation:

Immune System Dysfunction: Hashimoto’s disease is classified as an autoimmune disorder. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system, which is supposed to protect the body from harmful invaders like viruses and bacteria, mistakenly targets the body’s own tissues as if they were foreign substances. In the case of Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system produces antibodies that attack and damage the thyroid gland.

Genetic Factors: There appears to be a genetic predisposition to developing Hashimoto’s disease. It tends to run in families, suggesting that certain genes may increase the likelihood of developing the condition. However, having these genes doesn’t guarantee that someone will develop Hashimoto’s disease.

Environmental Triggers: While genetics plays a role, environmental factors may trigger or exacerbate Hashimoto’s disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Some potential environmental triggers include:

  • Infections: Certain viral or bacterial infections have been associated with the development of autoimmune diseases, including Hashimoto’s disease.
  • Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and other hormonal changes can sometimes trigger or worsen thyroid disorders.
  • Iodine Exposure: Excessive iodine intake, often through dietary supplements or certain medications, can contribute to thyroid inflammation in individuals with Hashimoto’s disease.
  • Stress: Chronic stress may affect the immune system and potentially trigger or exacerbate autoimmune conditions.

Other Factors: Some studies suggest a link between Hashimoto’s disease and other autoimmune conditions, such as type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, there may be a connection between Hashimoto’s disease and certain environmental factors, such as smoking or exposure to radiation, although more research is needed to fully understand these relationships.

It’s important to note that the exact combination of factors leading to Hashimoto’s disease can vary from person to person. While the disease cannot be prevented, it can be effectively managed with thyroid hormone replacement therapy in most cases, allowing individuals with Hashimoto’s disease to lead healthy lives. If you suspect you have Hashimoto’s disease or have been diagnosed, it’s important to work closely with a healthcare professional to develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

It is usually diagnosed through blood tests that measure thyroid hormone levels and the presence of thyroid antibodies. Once diagnosed, Hashimoto’s disease is typically managed with medication, such as thyroid hormones, to replace the missing hormones and regulate the body’s metabolism. Regular monitoring and treatment adjustments may be necessary to ensure proper thyroid hormone levels and manage symptoms effectively.

To learn more about various options for thyroid hormone treatment visit American Thyroid Association.

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